Motifs of nokshi  kantha

Motifs of the nakshi kantha are deeply influenced by religious belief and culture. Even though no specific strict symmetry is followed a finely embroidered naksi kantha will always have a focal point. Most kanthas will have a lotus as focal point, around the lotus there are undulating vines or floral motifs or shari border motifs. The motifs may include images of flower and leaves, birds and fish, animals, kitchen forms even toilet articles. While most kantas have some initial pattern, no two naksi kantas are same. Traditional motifs are repeated, the individual touch in variety of stitches, colors and shapes. The notable motifs found in naksi kantha are as follows: Lotus , Solar , Moon , Wheel , Swastika, Tree of Life ,Kalka , Water , Mountain , Fish , Boat , Footprint , Rath  Mosque , Panja or Open Palm , Agricultural Implements, Pot image ,Hatu geray bosa:Symbol of pray . Inspired by Muslim Religion.Lockhart japi ,Flag, Baije nach,Mukos, Train, Dhake,sar,Boidha, Camel, Lion, Monkey  ,Borfe,Flying Roth,Jogi,Pasher dan,Talgas,Bala, Bad power, Ocean ,Flower ,House,Kulo,Kolme lota, Banana ,Three leaves, Dab,Tabij,Kori,Has, Crocodile, Birds, Dahuk, Paca, paira, peacock,Boduboron, Gail, Elephant  etc

List Of Motifs

Lotus motif

The lotus motif is the most common motif found in kanthas. This motif is associated with Hindu iconography and thus is also very popular in the kantha. The lotus is the divine seat. It is also symbolic of cosmic harmony and essential womanhood. The lotus is also the symbol of eternal order and of the union of earth, water and, sky. It represents the life-giving power of water, and is also associated with the sun for the opening and closing of the petals. It is also the symbol of the recreating power of life. With the drying up of water, the lotus dies and with the rain it springs to life again. The lotus is associated with purity and the goddess Laksmi, the goddess of good fortune and abundance. There are various forms of lotus motifs, from the eight-petaled  satadal padma to the hundred petaled satadal. In the older kanthas, the central motif is almost always a fully bloomed lotus seen from above.


The Tree of Life Motif

The influence of this motif in Indian Art and Culture (as with kantha) may be traced back to the Indus Valley civilization. It is likely that the Indus people conceived the pipal as the Tree of life  with the devata inside embodying the power of fecundity. During the Buddhist times, the cult of the tree continued. Pipal is sacred to the Buddha because he received enlightenment under its shade. It reflects the fecundity of nature and is very popular in Bengal. Vines and creepers play an important role in kanthas and they contain the same symbolization as that of tree of life. A popular motif in Rajshahi lohori is thr betel leaf.

The Swastika Motif

Su asti in Sanskrit means it is well. As a motif in Indian art, it dates back to the Indus Valley civilization. It is symbol of good fortune. It is also known as muchri or golok dhanda. With the passage of time, the design is more curvilinear than the four armed swastika of the Mohenjodaroseal. The symbolic design has significant influence in Hinduism, Buddhism,and Jainism. 

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 Motif of kantha 

The Kalka Motif

This is a latter day motif, dating from Mughal times. The kalka or paisley motif originated in Persia and Kashmir and has become an integral image of the subcontinental decorative motif. It can be compared with a stylized leaf, mango or flame. The kalka is an attractive motif and number of varieties is experimented. Similar motifs can be found in traditional kashmiri Shawls.

The Solar Motif

The solar motif is closely associated with the lotus motif. Often, the lotus and the solar motifs are found together at in the centre of a nakshi kantha. The solar motif symbolizes the life giving power of the sun. The sun is associated with the fire which plays a significant part in Hindu rites, both religious  and matrimonial.

The Moon Motif

The moon motif has a religious influence, and is popular amongst the Muslims. Mostly it is in the form of a crescent moon accompanied by a star. This motif is particularly found in jainamaz kanthas.

The Wheel Motif

The wheel is a common symbol in Indian art, both Hindu and Buddhist. It is the symbol of order. The wheel also represents the world. The wheel is a popular motif in kanthas even when the maker has forgotten the significance of the symbol. The motif is relatively easy to make with chatai phor. Lokkher podo chenho: Symbol of goodness.

Fish: sembol of fartilite and goodness.

Sonko:  Symbol of goodness.

Palke: Palke is important motif of kantha.Palke is symbol of marriage .

Boat: Boat is symbol of communication

Roth: This motif come from Hindu religious view.

Mosjid-Menar,Gombuj,-Tajea: This motif come from Muslim religious view.

Puspito lota: come from Nature.

 Panja: Symbol of panjaton.

Mokor: Mokor is important motif of kantha.

Dhaner sis: symbol of fertility .

Sahabe posak  Man : inspirer by English

Mem-sahabe Woman: inspirer by English

Horse : Symbol of speed


Motif of  Nokshi kantha

War of Ram-Rabon: inspirer byRamaion

Ram-sheta marriage : inspirer by Ramaion

Shiv-Durg,Hor-Parboti: inspirer by Hindu Religion.

Motif of  Nokshi kantha

Ram-lokkon : inspirer by Ramaion

Rada-Kresno: inspirer by Hindu Religion.

Ras lila: inspirer by Ramaion

Shiv: Symbol of power and Destroy

Kali: Symbol of power and Destroy

Indro: inspirer by Hindu Religion.

 Durga: inspirer by Hindu Religion.

Sorosoti: Symbol of education and Knowledge .  Inspire by Hindu Religion.

Kartik: Symbol of youth and beauty .

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 Motif of  Nokshi kantha

Lokki: symbol of property .Inspirer by Hindu Religion.

Mondir: Inspirer of Hindu Religion.

Motif of  Nokshi kantha

Gonas: symbol of property

Pori:symbol of myth

Rakkos: symbol of property.

Doitto: symbol of property

Solder : inspirer by English